Noise Reduction in Power Generation Plants

Power Generation Plant and Soundproofing – a brief introduction

Over the years, there has been a general increase in the use of power plants, from smaller generating plants owned by individuals to large industrial power generation plants. This increase may be attributed to the trends of development which seems to be taking over the global front currently.

With these changes with regards the need for more power, there is the prevailing issue of noise pollution by power generation plants which has been ever-present but is gradually becoming a point of concern for communities and individuals who suffer the effects of noise pollution, especially those emanating from the power generation plants.

While innovations such as industrial soundproofing and industrial silencers have played a role in curbing some of the issues associated with noise pollution from power generation plants, many other factors continue to serve as bottlenecks towards an effective campaign against noise pollution. Some of these factors include:

  • Lack of scalability of power plants
  • Insufficiencies in the design of power plants
  • Challenges with heat management in power plants due to soundproofing materials

 

Why Noise Reduction is important

Noise reduction in power plants is of utmost importance owing largely to the issues associated with persistent noise pollution, especially with regards health. Common noise sources include:

  • Compressors
  • Turbine
  • Fan Intake & Exhaust (PA, ID, FD fans)
  • Generators
  • Piping and ducts
  • Steam Exhaust
  • Motors
  • Centrifugal Blowers

 

Noise reduction in power plants is of grave importance as the employees are exposed to health issues which may not manifest immediately. Some of these issues include:

  • neurobehavioral change
  • psychological stress
  • unhappiness
  • reduced speech intelligibility,
  • permanent hearing loss

These factors may also affect those who may be directly affected by the noise from power generation plants.

 

When Noise reduction in the industry is crucial (limits and tolerance)

According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA, the permissible thresholds or permissible exposure limit for noise exposure is set at 90Dba over the course of 8 hours.

To grasp a full understanding of what 90 Dba is, a whisper perhaps between two friends is approximately 30dBA. A regular conversation between two parties is set at approximately 60dBA while a mower operates at 80dBA.

Based on OSHA standards, a noise level increase of 5 Dba translates to an exposure period of half the time. This implies that a worker who is exposed to 95dBA should work for only four hours under such conditions.

Below is a table to ensure better understanding:

Source: https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/health-topics/tf4173

 

 

How is this covered by international standards

A number of health and safety organizations around the world have set certain thresholds, mostly within the aforementioned ranges. Some of these organizations include the ISO, ANSI ad WHO to mention but a few.

 

Which solutions are implementable

Thanks to technological advancements, there are solutions to the menace of noise generation in energy plants. The most common of these solutions, especially for individuals and small-scale business owners are industrial silencers and industrial soundproofing. Some other solutions include:

Duct Silencers – These components offer an incredibly high level of sound reduction in airflow applications. It is mainly applied in stacks, larger ID fans, building ventilation and so many other applications.

Mufflers –While these share a similar concept to the duct silencers above, its mode of operation differs in that it ensures noise reduction in energy plants in that the mufflers are applied to motors or compressed air pipings within the system in a bid to eliminate exhaust noise. Some of the more common applications of mufflers include blowers, compressors and generators.

Acoustical Louvers – Due to the challenges associated with poor designs of some power generation plants and a resulting inability to inculcate a sound proofing system without risking rising temperatures, acoustical louvers provide sound reduction with little to minimal restriction of airflow within the power plants. For the most part, acoustical louvers are used in place of standard louvers for a high level of noise reduction while retaining the effective ventilation of their system.

Duct and Pipe Lagging – While this sounds pretty hands on, it is quite the process to go through with. it simply refers to eliminating breakout noise which is being generated from pipe and ductwork. Hence, the piping or ductwork is neatly wrapped with a barrier absorber composite to keep noise within safe thresholds.

Sound Enclosures – Sound enclosures are arguably the most effective solutions noise control in power generating plants, especially amongst newer designs. With sound enclosures, the power generating plant is simply enclosed, while access for heat dissipation as well as maintenance are made readily available. Sound enclosures are particularly effective in Enclose blowers, pumps, fans or other equipment generating high noise levels.,

Absorptive Panels – Absorption panels serve as an active form of noise reduction in Energy plants. In most cases, these panels are available as an additional feature to generating sets, especially industrial based sets. To large extents, it significantly reduces noise levels in areas of application. It is normally installed to either side of the wall of the generating power plant in a bid to mitigate the noise effects from the power plant.

All in all, the need to match up with the world’s seemingly unchecked noise generation levels in light of increasing power generation cannot be understated. Hence the need for all hands to be on deck in an effort to ensure that noise reduction, particularly in energy plants becomes a reality that everyone embraces.

 

Stopson Italiana delivered Blow-Off Services to 2 Power plant in Egypt

Blow-off Equipment, including Silencers, and Supervision from Stopson Italiana supported New Assiut and West Damietta Single to Combined Cycle Power Plants conversion in 2018

Stopson Italiana has successfully completed the supply of steam blow-off silencers and cleaning equipment, including pumps, valves, spectacle flanges, instrumentation and pneumatic target plates system, and provision of supervision services for the blow-off operations of two Combined Cycle Power Plants (CCPP) performed in parallel.

The 230 t/h capacity silencers are equipped with 16 bara design pressure diffuser in a carbon steel casing 6 meters high with 2.5 meters diameter, capable to achieve a residual sound pressure level of 90 dB(A) at 3 m from equipment. Stopson Italiana’s blow-off silencers are based on a combined reactive and absorptive principle for noise reduction: the gases expand to atmospheric pressure through an horizontal large-holes perforated diffuser, providing a first step in attenuation while allowing any debris to flow out, then evolves into a sound-absorbing lining section to further contribute to reach required noise residual level.

The 1 GW New Assiut plant and 500 MW West Damietta plant have gone through a substantial upgrade with the addition of steam turbine modules recovering heat from existing Gas Turbines. This 750 MW addition over the two plants will take the total capacity to 2.25 GW, further contributing to helping meet the increasing demand for power in the country.

 

Stopson Italiana’s offering for plant Blow-off cleaning does include a various range of products and services:

  • Engineering for Blow-off
  • Blow silencers
  • Steam blow flange
  • Spectacle flanges with gaskets
  • Demi water pumps
  • Gate and globe valves
  • Thermocouples
  • Temperature and Pressure transmitters
  • Pneumatic target plates inserters
  • Installation
  • Blow-off Supervision

Stopson Italiana exhibits at Gastech 2018 – Barcelona

With more than 50 years of activity in industrial soundproofing, Stopson Italiana will bring its expertise gained in 20 thousand projects worldwide, most of them accomplished within the Oil & Gas sector.

The Milan based company will present the technological features of its soundproofing products – like Vent Silencers, Engine Exhaust Stack, In-line Silencers and many more, in the world’s leading conference and exhibition for the European Power Generation industry.
For all those attending, Stopson Italiana will make available its technical expertise to support any demanding requirements to develop new sound-proofing and noise abatement solutions in the Gas Industry.

For over 45 years, the Gastech exhibition and conference has been at the forefront of the international gas, LNG and energy market. This world renowned event is regarded as the most significant meeting place for upstream, midstream and downstream gas and LNG professionals, where they convene to do business.

 Visit us at Gastech Barcelona, Spanish Pavilion – Booth G160!

➡ CLICK HERE
TO DOWNLOAD YOUR FREE PASS!

Gastech has fast become a next generation energy event, hosting major NOCs, IOCs, integrated energy companies, global utilities, EPC contractors, shipbuilders, pipeline companies, manufacturers, technology providers and service companies all of whom play an active role in the global energy value chain. Gastech has been at the forefront of the gas and LNG business for more than four decades, with each edition being supported by a host partner since 2002.

With more than 3.500 International Conference Delegates, 1.200 C-Level & Ministerial Attendees and 350 speakers (regarding upstream, midstream and downstream value chains), the event encompasses also a Conference consisting of the Plenary Stage, Strategic conference and Technical conference streams, and four Specialist Conferences.

Gastech’s four-day, multi-streamed conference is regarded as the industry’s most important platform to debate and discuss the global issues and challenges facing the gas and LNG community in 2018 and beyond. The program features ministerial sessions, CEO panel sessions, and commercial sessions, along with the world’s largest technical conference.

Gastech 2018 will take place in Barcelona (Fira Gran Via), September 17-20, and Stopson Italiana will be exhibiting in the Spanish Pavilion – Booth G160.

Stopson Italiana exhibits at Electrify Europe 2018 in Wien

Stopson Italiana will present the technological features of its soundproofing products in the world’s leading conference and exhibition for the European Power Generation industry

In its inaugural year as Electrify Europe, the re‑imagined event (previously “Power Gen”) will be dedicated to the convergence underway between the power generation and the transmission and distribution sectors, driven by digitalization, decarbonization, decentralization and electrification.
For all those attending, Stopson Italiana will make available its technical expertise to support any demanding requirements to develop new sound-proofing and noise abatement solutions in the Power Industry.

Visit us at EE2018, Italian Pavilion – Hall A Booth R52

CLICK HERE ⇦
TO DOWNLOAD YOUR FREE PASS!

With the aim to attract over 11.000 delegates and attendees from more than 85 countries, Electrify Europe represents the industry’s premier conference and exhibition dedicated to the power generation, renewable and alternative energy and transmission and distribution industries. In this year of rebranding, the trade show has extended its conference program including keynote and plenary sessions addressing key issues affecting the sector. Among these: E‑mobility, Cybersecurity, AI, Blockchain, Demand Side Response and Energy Storage. Read full program here.

This year, Electrify Europe will address such topics as:

  • Transforming power economics & management
  • Advances in power generation technology
  • Operations & maintenance in a digital age
  • Sustainability & environmental protection
  • Energy storage & e-mobility
  • Intelligent infrastructure & cybersecurity
  • Empowering the customer
  • Distributed energy & systems
Since 1965 Stopson Italiana has been considered one of the largest provider of noise control solutions such as silencers, enclosures, vent equipment and test facilities for any industrial applications.


The Electrify Europe will take place on 3 days from Tuesday, 19 June to Thursday, 21 June 2018 in Wien and Stopson Italiana will be exhibiting at Hall A Booth R52 (Italian Pavilion)

Stopson Italiana wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year

Another great year has passed re-confirming a growth trend for Stopson Italiana.

A slight recovery in oil price and general market demand is boosting our expectations for a brighter future ahead of us.

2017 has been a year of large investments for us in order to set up our Company for future growth: the acquisition of new calculation tools expanding our in-house capabilities to engineer complex projects, the implementation of technical documentation management system to support our ability and responsiveness to deal with most demanding Customers and project specs, the launch of SAP B1 ERP system scheduled for January 2018 are just a few examples of our enlarged platform to address next challenges.

Stopson Italiana remains grateful to all of our Customers who made that possible with their continuous support and trust and wishes you and your family a Merry Christmas and a prosperous 2018!

Stopson Italiana silencers to be installed in Turkish military vessels

Our Inlet Duct and Engine Exhaust Silencers will equip a five MAN 16V 32/40 8000 KW Generators on the TCG Anadolu.

The project entails no. 5 Inlet Duct and no. 5 Engine Exhaust silencers both capable to handle 100.600 m3/h flow while achieving 35 dB(A) noise reduction.

One of the five delivered Engine Exhaust Silencers, during the installation phase in Istanbul

The inlet SVR model silencers are made of galvanized steel splitter panels inserted into a painted carbon steel frame with circular inlets and outlets.

The exhaust silencers are made of AISI316 and derived from the Engine Exhaust SM40 DN1200 model with the addition of Spark Arrestors section to prevent the emission of flammable debris from combustion sources.

Stopson Italiana’s R&D team did a great job in assessing all customer requirements and delivering a fully customized solution, thus confirming our capability to leverage our wide range of standard design products optimized around project specifications.

Developed in Stopson Italiana Research and Development lab, these silencers have been field-tested on numerous industrial applicationsThey are principally conceived to be installed on diesel and gas engines, or on industrial low/middle power gas turbines.

These silencers are based on a absorption and/or resonance sound wave attenuation principle. Depending on the required attenuation performance, 5 models can be chosen: SM 15, SM 25, SM 30, SM 40, SM 50.  The nomenclature represents also the nominal diameter of the inlet (e.g. SM15 ND 100, SM25 ND 200, etc).

In addition to Spark Arrestor (here above mentioned), some other optional features can be provided:

  • Flanges
  • Counter flanges
  • Seals and bolts
  • Supports for vertical and horizontal installation
  • Stainless steel or other special materials
  • Highly resistant absorptive material for temperatures over 530° C

The selection of the inlet filtration system is an important stage as poor quality inlet air can significantly impact the operation, performance, and life of the engine, either gas turbine or diesel/gas engine.

A great effort has been spent by Stopson Italiana’s engineers to design custom Inlet Duct air filtration systems.

Stopson Italiana’ Inlet Duct Air filtration systems.

In facts, marine vessels need to work even in adverse conditions, thus the continuous operation is often more important than the health of the engine itself.  Multiple gas turbines are used on the ships, so there is a spare if one needs to be shut down for maintenance. That can happen in case the filter is clogged, damaged, or blocked, causing – as a consequence – excessive pressure loss.
Moreover, inlet filter housings on marine vessels must be ice and corrosion resistant, due to the significant presence of salt.

Generally, when we refer to a gas turbine intake, some of the consequences of poor inlet filtration entail erosion, fouling and corrosion.
In order to minimize degradation, the metal components of the system needs to be constructed out of a stainless steel or aluminum with adequate corrosion resistant properties. Once a suitable filter system has been selected, a range of ductwork and filtration silencers is provided in order to reduce the noise of fast flowing air into the inlet manifold before reaching the compressor.

These silencers are typically of a ‘splitter type‘ configuration, to minimize pressure drop and increase the airflow into the compressor chamber.
The supply can regard even a standalone filter packages, including pulse filters for removing dust at the inlet of gas turbine packages.

See more about our Industrial Silencers HERE!

 

Stopson Ventilation Silencers to be installed at Gas Compression stations in Northern Italy

Completed delivery of 12+8 combined Ventilation System Building for Gas storage plant in Sergnano and Minerbio (Italy)

 

Stopson has successfully fulfilled the delivery of 12+8 Ventilation System Buildings for the natural gas Compression Stations in Sergnano and Minerbio (Italy).

Ventilation System Building for Industry
Section of combined Filtered-and-silenced Inlet System (Cremona – Italy)

The supply service entails a total of twenty ventilation systems, composed by 20 filtered-and-silenced Inlet System together with the same number of Soundproofed Outlet Systems with forced extraction and fireproof dumpers.

The acoustic warranty covers a noise level reduction of 30 dB(A) SPL at 1mt.The order has been completed and tested phase in these past days.

In general, the plant consists of implementation of 3 turbo-compressor to be set within the Sergnano gas infrastructure. The operations necessary for the installation of the station will be completed as a whole by mid 2018.

The total investment amount is 0.6 bln € (between 2017-2021), aimed to increase the general safety and flexibility of the area, bringing a resources’ capacity increment of 7% circa.

Thanks to a 50 years of experience in the field of industrial soundproofing, Stopson’ technical department is able to deeply analyze and propose the rightest solutions to control noise produced by the extraction systems.

Some possible applications are:

  • Soundproofing of compressors
  • Soundproofing of pumps
  • Silencers for industrial fans
  • Soundproofing air expulsion chimneys
  • Silencers for ATU/air treatment units
  • Silencers for extraction systems
  • Soundproofing engine testing room
  • Silencers for side channel blowers

The main solutions consists of rectangular or circular silencers, designed taking into account of the different noise sources and sound spectrum. The installation can be made along the piping or chimneys of emission into the atmosphere.

They can be designed and produced in standard dimensions, or in any size on request and are equipped for external air intake, in addition to return from the filter system.

Everything You Need to Know about Noise Pollution

How to limit the noise propagation (not only in Oil and Gas). Risks and countermeasures of a phenomenon as important as universally underrated.

The noise pollution’s matter has become a well-documented public domain anthology by now.

The World Health Organisation has reported that 40% of Europe’s population is exposed to noise levels in excess of 55dB. Moreover, noise pollution is ranked as second to air pollution, in terms of affecting our health and wellbeing, including diabetes, tinnitus and risk of heart disease.

Noise pollution in Oil and Gas

According to recent study achieved by PSE Healthy Energy and West Virginia University, some modern Oil and Gas techniques – such hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”) – produce noise that may increase adverse effects on human health. 

A fracking well in Colorado, pictured in 2012

Fracking can create noise at levels high enough to harm the health of people living nearby (source phys.org). “Oil and gas operations produce a complex symphony of noise types, including intermittent and continuous sounds and varying intensities,” argued PSE Healthy Energy Executive Director Seth Shonkoff.

A adequate set of policies should be specified, in order to safeguard residents and communities, such particularly vulnerable populations (e.g. schools and hospitals). Noise mitigation techniques like perimeter sound walls, noise barriers and acoustic enclosures could represent the most appropriate solutions to hold back this phenomenon.

Noise impact on marine species

This is not all. A recent study led by International Fund for Animal Welfare, reveals the damaging impact of Oil

Noise pollution can damage marine species

and Gas noise pollution on whales and dolphins. In the report, they put in evidence how new technologies should reduce their impact on marine environment during the exploration phase (source: International Fund for Animal Welfare).

 

Noise and Diseases

Numerous epidemiological studies have linked noise to adverse health outcomes too. They include diabetes, depression, birth complications and cognitive impairment in children.

In facts, apart from damage to hearing, exposure to excessive and constant noise can cause other health problems including:

  • Headache
  • Sleep and heart disease
  • Stress
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Digestive disorders
  • Increased susceptibility to colds and other minor infections

Noise in Europe: limits and human tolerance

As we know, the loudness of noise is measured in decibels. Sensitivity to noise differs from one individual to the next, but experts believe that damage to hearing occurs when noise levels are higher than 85 decibels, which is about the loudness of heavy traffic.

Every year, 7 million people in Europe die from heart disease, that would put the toll from exposure to noise at around 210,000 deaths. In England heart disease kills 110,000 people annually, so the deaths linked to noise could be around 3,300.

2% of Europeans suffer severely disturbed sleep because of noise pollution. The researchers calculate that chronic exposure to loud traffic noise causes three per cent of all cases of tinnitus, in which sufferers hear constant noise. Length of exposure is important too. In facts, it is not recommendable to listen to noises of 109 decibels for any longer than two minutes in row.

Noise and public health in U.S.

In US the noise phenomena has been studied deeply, causing a direct response by public healthThe Health Impacts Project (HIP) provides since 2013 guidance for policy makers to identify the health consequences of potential projects by making public a national sample of health impact assessment.

Exposure Limits in U.S.

The U.S. EPA recommends an average 24-hr exposure limit of 55 A-weighted decibels (dBA) to protect the public from all adverse effects on health and welfare in residential areas. This limit is a day–night 24-hr average noise level (LDN), with a 10-dBA penalty applied to nighttime levels between 2200 and 0700 hours to account for sleep disruption and no penalty applied to daytime levels.

More info about the Noise sources and Soundproofing solutions in industrial sector can be found here.

 

 

Stopson Italiana exhibits at Power-Gen Europe in Cologne

After its last attendance to Power-Gen Asia in Seoul, Stopson Italiana will fly to Cologne for the 25th Anniversary of the trade show.

For all those attending, Stopson Italiana will make available its technical expertise to support any demanding requirements to develop new sound-proofing and noise abatement solutions in the Power Industry.

Celebrating 25 years of history, POWER-GEN represents the leading force in delivering a platform for the power industry to meet, share information and discuss about new progress in applied technologies for the growth of energy’s future.

 Visit us at Power-Gen Europe, Hall 8 – Booth J33!

CLICK HERE
TO DOWNLOAD YOUR FREE PASS!

Stopson Italiana Power Gen europe

 Attracting over 8,300 delegates and attendees from more than 85 countries, Power-Gen Europe represents the industry’s premier conference and exhibition dedicated to the power generation, renewable and alternative energy and transmission and distribution industries.
This year marks a new format for POWER-GEN Europe and Renewable Energy World Europe, with the decision to run our popular Keynote and Plenary sessions on the first day as opposed to splitting them over 2 days. The conferences provided will cover Hydropower, Finance and Energy Storage.
As a well-established knowledge base for the power industry, the aim of the exhibition will be connecting professionals engaged in Europe’s energy change, identifying opportunities for innovation, and business development across the sectors.
Since 1965 Stopson Italiana has been considered one of the largest provider of noise control solutions such as silencers, enclosures, vent equipment and test facilities for any industrial applications.

Power-Gen Europe 2017 will take place in Cologne (Germany), June 27-29, and Stopson Italiana will be exhibiting at Hall #8 – Booth J33.

How Industrial Silencers work in HVAC systems

Crucial factors to take in account when silencers have to be installed in HVAC plants.

One of the most frequent application of soundproofing technology (like Acoustic Louvers and Intake Silencers) encompasses definitely the installation on HVAC plants. These installations release sound emission into the environment, often exceeding the allowed thresholds.

That’s because of the noise created by airflow produced by motors or fan. In other cases, the sound waves tend to break out through the walls of the ductwork and spill out into a room. Often, the noise travels the length of the ductwork and spill out the mouth at the vent.

Acoustic EnclosuresAccording to their functions, these machines are arranged in outdoor places, like courtyards and terraces. Hence, the first step is to evaluate the area in which the HVAC systems should be set. That means an accurate mapping process of noise propagation, including ventilation of buildings, enclosures, and equipment rooms. Integration of noise control measures such as silencers and louvers, into the system design requires careful consideration of space constraints, fan selection and aerodynamic pressure losses.

The need is, one one hand, to reduce the noise generated by air or gas flow. On the other, to avoid of compromising the air or gas flow itself, with keeping the pressure drop as low as possible too. For these reason the Stopson Acoustic Louvers, Intake Silencers and Acoustic Enclosures can be considered suitable for these multiple industrial applications. The silencers can be added on the ventilation circuit and combined with the machine, in order to completely acoustically isolate it in any direction.

The HVAC silencers are an excellent choice for applications requiring maximum insertion loss (noise reduction), low static pressure drop, low maintenance, and quick delivery. Stopson’s offer encompasses the design and engineering assistance to integrate the HVAC system with its attenuators. Both ready-made silencers and custom built solutions are offered. The benefits are: durability, surface finishing, ease to operate.